The dawn of civilization
Since the beginning of the stone age, ancient Greece has been a trace of human activity. Relics the middle stone age that there are around 7000 B.C. Greece south of the elder brother the Leith area Frank Te cave. When people still only using Obsidian made of two, to feed on fish. By 6000 BC, Greek Aegean region entered the Neolithic age, this time people’s cognitive level with rapid progress, many Greek the sunshine and the Aegean islands appeared their footprint. They began to grow barley, wheat and beans, and they had domesticated sheep, goats and pigs as a new source of food.
Meet the material needs of the ancient Greeks begin with simple art form to express the worship of God and the forces of nature, symbol of harvest of the clay sculpture of the goddess Lennon is a proof. When people have at sea began early exchange activities, of which a very obvious example is Obsidian Stone. Neolithic residents around the frequently used Obsidian create with the sharp edge of the stone, but the Obsidian produces only on the Aegean island of Milos. How do these minerals spread around the ancient Greek?. Thus, as early as 7000 BC to 6000 BC, the Aegean Sea appeared early maritime trade.
The stone age in ancient Greece on the land slowly passed a long time, to 3000 BC, the dawn of the dawn of the bronze civilization, finally in the land and sea. At the same time, significant growth in the number of population, commercial exchanges become more frequent, in order to maintain normal trade, people near the place where the sea is built large buildings and defense facilities. Religion and art along with economic together to continue to develop, the spirit and essence of clay now has become a marble material, unearthed in the carat radicle diss islands marble “the goddess of the earth. Do the piano and the piper board shows a higher artistic level. All the signs, people Aegean region is closer to civilization. Shortly after, on the island of Crete and the Greek peninsula, the Mycenaean, respectively, of the early civilization, to establish the shape of the city state. The shining light of early human wisdom of the bronze civilization are collectively referred to as the Aegean civilization, they like a beacon illuminating is still in the stone age of the Aegean and the Greek peninsula.
The earliest Neolithic cultural sites around the island of Crete in 6000 bc. Around 2500 BC, on the island of bronze and bronze gradually increased, the further development of production and trade, the primitive society gradually disintegrated. 2000 BC, Crete appears the initial state, the period of civilization has thrived, Knossos and ACE district built the magnificent palace, on the island appeared in Europe the earliest writing, industry and commerce, maritime trade and artistic creation have achieved great achievements. However economic prosperity attracted foreigners invasion, cities and Wang Guan repeatedly destroyed and repeated reconstruction, eventually around 1450 BC is Mycenaean occupation.
In the late of 20 century BC, the Greek peninsula Mycenae, ladder Lin Si, Spyros etc. there are quite developed bronze culture, which to Mycenae as the main representative, known as the Mycenaean civilization.
From about the beginning of the beginning of the twelfth Century BC, Mycenaean civilization gradually decline. If the name of the Troy war broke out. The war lasted for 10 years, although the Greek forces finally take T city of Troy, but he also badly hurt. Soon, the Greeks of another branch of the Dorians from north of the Greek peninsula south, captured in Greece and the Peloponnese Mycenae and other countries, the Mycenaean civilization since perished.
Although and Mycenaean belong to the Greek nation, but Dorian has lived in the mountainous interior, economic and social development also are very backward. After the destruction of Mycenae, they also failed to establish a new state of their own. Only broken, resulting in the Greek civilization so far, from the Eleventh Century BC to 300 BC, the first years, all over again returned to the dark ages of the primitive society.
About the Greek history of these 300 years, the only historical data that has spread to the day of the day are Homer’s epic. As the Homer Epic is the main literature that reflects the history of the time, the future generations will be named after this period. Homer era..