Netherlands who discovered the “navel of the world“
“On Easter Island, the ancient and not tell. Today, modern still cannot break away from ancient times. Today‘s inhabitants on the island, but also less notable than the ancient Islanders. The ancient craftsman‘s shadow remains entrenched in this land. People who came to the island, whether intentionally or not, always have to think of those ancient people. Because the island is full of ancient man‘s stamina and energy, an Arcadian vertically. What the hell is this? Why would this be? “This is the United Kingdom Ms Katherine Routledge after visit Easter Island in 1914-1915, write down words. Subsequently, the nature and sources of the special culture of the island, has been found, but in many ways, it‘s still an intriguing mystery.
Tiny Easter Island is an island located in the Pacific Ocean at the eastern end of thePolynesian Islands, oceans apart, away from the other islands. Easter Island in the Pitcairn Islands (the island is United Kingdom “bounty“, rebel sailors haven) 2 more than 000 square kilometres east of East of Chile 3 more than 000 square km off the coast. In 1888, which Chile belongs. Triangular Easter Island, Rano Raraku, lanuoalu 3 and lanuokaao volcanoes, crouches on the 3 corners of the triangle. Numerous small volcanoes on the island, dotted with. Volcano full of weeds, scattered and dispersedon the lava rock. Has long dense vegetation on the island, there are a lot of trees, are still traceable; but now flora and fauna are very rare. Crater Lake Wick grass, but very few trees on the island, no longer flowing streams. Along the island without lagoon. Not specific to the tropical islands of the Pacific Ocean on the island is calm atmosphere of lethargy. This is because it is located in the South–temperate North, with four distinct seasons, mild climate. Average temperature of about 22 degrees Fahrenheit, and average annual rainfall is approximately 1 300 mm. Ancient Easter Islandresidents as “the navel of the world“. The name for such a remote party, legendary island, is appropriate. Island surf waves, steep cliffs, towering volcanic mountains and slopes open from the wind. However, the most salient feature of the island, but also a few famous statue.
Those into one enormous stone statues called “moaishi“, is made of volcanic stonewith light yellow, both solemn and puzzling. Their large heads, looking proud and imposing. Ears are long and strange, protruding chin stronger, his arms stiff down without the foot next to the body, his hands stayed in place on the swollen belly. So far, this statue has been found about 1 000, many of them weighing up to 20 tons, 12-15 feet high. Carving and statues on the altar was placed in the outdoor, the largest is 32 feet high, 90–ton. Carved in stone not ended, statue of the largest stone statue more than this 1 time, have been found before.
Massive of these figures is not stare, but more people scratching their heads is: how could such a place there is such a thing? These Giants stand in the only 117 sq km on the island of Lilliput are doing it? Carving chisel them then how? How do these figures come from quarries and then onto the stone of the altar? Handling timber andstone used to where? The most important thing is why there are so many stone? Stone why so great? Such a huge stone statue, what is the use?
The first Europeans who came to the island, is the Netherlands Explorer yakebu·luojiawen, he did not intend to answer these questions. In 1722, he saw the island on Easter day and Easter Island, as a souvenir.
In the Eastern Pacific Ocean waves waves tossed, is a dull and full of hardships of the voyage. Even on calm days, the Sun and the wind does not bring much joy to people, after all, the marine life is lonely, only occasionally leaping out of the ocean‘s fish, or one or two birds of the sky, will bring joy to the people. Therefore, we have reasons to believe that, one day in April 1722, Netherlands 3 ships led by Admiral yakebu·luojiawen and crew for months, moving through the ocean, at the time of dusk,when they saw the ocean floats to the shadows on a small island, they aredelighted.
This day is Easter. Easter brings to mind exhausted sailors joy, they also gave the island a memorable name–Easter Island.
They got on the island with excitement, both expected and unexpected things happen. They didn’t expect the desert island is inhabited. Indigenous to the taking of landed property on the island, it can be imagined. Friction is inevitable, unfortunately ending beaches left on the bodies of several indigenous populations, indigenous peoples reeled.
Unpleasant visits, making them reluctant to stay too long on the island. A few hourslater, they were hoisting the sails set sail. Remain in their memory is not at bloody Beach scene, but on the island of the rows of giant stone statue. What do these statues of indigenous peoples? goldjewelrystores.net
In 1770, Spain navigators visited the Islands.
In 1774, the famous Navigator James Cook, in the garden on the island for a few days.
Since then, European navigators in the 18-19 century, a lot of people visit this smallisland in the Central Pacific. In their journal and memoirs are boulders like that make them difficult to understand.
In an earlier visit of Europeans, a Frenchman named rang·la Cooper, Ruth, he ordersfrom France visiting the Pacific test of the Government. Amanth dodabalapur Ruth immediately after Captain Cook, arrived in Easter Island in 1786, just spent 10 days on the island, he recorded with novelty and customs on the island, as well as those mysterious stone figures.
Middle of the 19th century, to the missionaries on the island of France Catholic priest, in his diary are detailed records of the island‘s customs and those huge stone portrait.
Easter Island‘s giant stone figures were repeated again and again by these visitors to write travel books, stories, memoirs, and diaries, becomes mysterious. Otherwiseit‘s just like other islands in the Pacific, is bland. When the growing popularity of photographic equipment, after television into millions of households, the giant stone figures of Easter Island, then spread around the world, a household name, all ages and known. But who are confused: the indigenous stone figures on the island doing? Experts interested in is, how do these stone processing? Historians are interested inis, what is the stone age finished? Anthropologists are interested in, is this stone should be independent of culture, and of the practical implications? Stone, like a long narrow face, looked sluggish, the shape, indicating that its maker is in accordance with the blueprint for uniform processing. Stone style shown in the fancy style, as seenelsewhere, showing the island‘s works it is not under the influence of foreignculture. However, some scholars have pointed out that their shapes and as far away as Mexico Tina section w of the Maya–the stone portrait of Indian culture on thesite, there are a lot of similarities. Does the ancient Mexico cultural influence it? Mexico thousands of kilometers away from Easter Island, it‘s almost impossible.
Impossible miracle is also reflected in other areas: this stone, like small, weighing about 2.5 tons, weighed more than 50 tons, some wearing stone cap from the stone, stone caps and it is a heavier guy. Exactly how they were dug out by producers from a quarry? How they manufacture? What approach was adopted, they will be transported to distant places where, to firmly stand up? Former Islanders have mastered forcenturies iron, how incredible it all!
So here there is a very serious question—who is the stone portrait of producers on the island? Indigenous peoples do? Apparently it‘s not very likely.
In 18th century, explorers found on Easter Island‘s population scattered nowadays(estimated 3 000-4 000 people). Declining after years of civil war the island master Ding, demoralized. This nation has a high cultural, but also only in the cultural remnants of the past, lived a life of near–anarchy. Cannibalism is common, it is probably early due to overpopulation and food shortage. War is often on the island; most of thegiant stone statues on the altar of stones were deliberately pushed over, even the altar was demolished. 18th century Explorer may still be seen a few erect statues, butthe middle of the 19th century, all of the statues were torn down.
After these explorers and 19th century slave traders also followed, Easter Island hassuffered. 1805 from new London, Connecticut, United States sailing “Nancy“, and sold as slaves to the Islanders captured 22. Looting occurred during 1859-1862, Peru culmination of series of slave raids. In December 1862, a major plundering, Peru whohave rounded up around 1 000 Islanders, taking them to Peru‘s outlying islands to dig to take bird droppings as fertilizer. Many important local figures also went into exile, their special knowledge and skills have been lost along with them. Later, in protest of the international community, Peru had to survive on more than 100 people to the island, but bad on board environmental and disease took the lives of many people, only 15 people alive back to the island. As they came back but also in infectious disease smallpox, smallpox raged on the island soon, more rare on the island.
By 1877, the inhabitants of Easter Island left 111 people, their life is very poor. Old glory has become a Dim memory. Shortly thereafter, the missionary and Chile when the settlers arrived on the island, have seen only a dilapidated ruin. History of the past has become the mystery could not be opened.
From this unhappy time, Europeans began to dwell on the mystery of Easter Island,coming up with a lot of strange doctrines, also had extensive and arduous researchwork. One of the most famous American Thomson (1886), English Routledge (1914-1915), French voice, Belgium people hengli·lahuasheli (1934-1935), Germany missionary Englert (1935-1939), Norway who Heyerdahl (1955-1956), and only recently engaged in the study of the ancient civilization on the island of the United States weilian·muluoyi, an anthropologist at the University of Wyoming.
Due to these professionals and others who are committed to research on finishing,and found many precious antiquities from the island, and classification. Several moaishi most interesting on the island like replay in the outdoor altar.
Although also found in other Polynesian Islands towering stone figures, but moaishilike Easter Island, is still the largest, the largest number. Moaishi like that particular style is unique. The eastern part of the island there is a small volcano called Rano Raraku. Stone is largely this fine-grained volcanic slopes of volcanic stone. Rano Rarakuwhere indeed uncommon, mountain stone on a total of about 300, from the roughoutline and near complete, like a fascinating Museum, exhibit sculptor‘s unique styleand make the island a very systematic techniques. Ground stone chisel stone axes, spread, apparently lost in the rush to leave. It can be seen that the broad Piazza is hasty to give up because of some unexpected events.
In and around the place on the slopes of Rano Raraku, stood nearly 100 statues carved out of the moaishi as from the partially buried in the Earth; perhaps some stoneburied in the rubble. This group of moaishi upright like a particularly notable, and may be the end of the Easter Island carving masterpiece. Some of them, like earlier the statues on the altar erected on the same body engraved with symbols similar to the tattoo that is difficult to understand, but Redstone cylinder are worn on the head top knot. Some vertical moaishi like, wear this top knot on his head. This stone is often called “blind Goliath“, because has not carved out of the orbit. May be carried to the altar after moaishi, and carved eyes, stone statues of the “visible“ stuff.