Most educated person – Aristotle
In 384 BC, yalishiduodesheng yufulajiya sitajier Greece settlement and thecity is Greece one of the colonies, and is the rise of neighboringMacedonia. His father was court Chamberlain of the King Philip II ofMacedonia. From the perspective of his family, he was a slave owner class inthe middle class. He moved to Athens in 367 BC, had studied medicine, andPlato’s Academy in Athens many years, became active participants of Plato’sAcademy.
Aged from 18 to 38 years–20 years with PLATO Learning philosophy in Athens,for Aristotle, is a very important phase, this period of study and life had a decisive influence on his life. Socrates was Plato‘s teacher, Aristotlewas taught by Plato, the three generations of master and apprentice wereprominent figures in the history of philosophy. In the Platonic Academy inAthens, Aristotle did very well, Plato says that he is “school spirit“. Butthe authority of Aristotle is not a worship, submissive in the academic andpeople who do not have their own ideas. His teacher to talk aboutmetaphysics, he tries to collect all kinds of books, reference materials,studious, even to build a library. Record that Plato had ironically he was anerd. During the school period, Aristotle had differences with the teacherin mind. He once said of metaphor, not death with the Platonic wisdom. WhenPlato to old age, they were more divided between teachers and students,there are frequent arguments.
In 347 BC, Plato’s death, Aristotle in Athens continued for two years. Since then, he began to travel around. In 343 BC, he was hired by the King PhilipII of Macedonia, as Port-au-Prince Alexander‘s teacher. At that time,Alexander 13, Aristotle, 42 years old. In 338 BC, King Philip II ofMacedonia defeated Athens, Thebes, consisting of the coalition againstMacedonia and dominate Greece. The following year, Philip held Greecemeeting appointments Greece States to stop the war, establishment of apermanent Union, chaired by the Macedonian leader. During the meeting,Philip declared that his commander in Greece the State Coalition, expeditionto Persia. At this point, in fact, Macedonia Greece‘s military power, GreeceStates existed, became vassals of Macedonia.
In 336 BC, Philip was stabbed. His son, at age 20, Alexander ascended the throne as King. In 334 BC, Macedonian army led by Alexander and Greece theState Coalition war of Persia. In less than ten years in his fabled million–the Persian army was defeated and destroyed the ancient Persian Empire. Anunprecedented Empire–Alexander the territory west of Greece, East to IndiaRiver, South of Egypt, North, Central Asia—was established. In 323 BC,Alexander died. The empire built through military conquest, and after ascuffle, split into several independent kingdoms.
In this era of civil unrest, Aristotle returned to Athens, where he livedfor 20 years, that is, starting from the Alexandria expedition ofAlexander‘s death a year earlier that year. In that time, although inmilitary and political control of the Macedonia Athens, against Macedonia,but there is still great potential. Aristotle in Athens, possible havingpersuaded the Athenians to Macedonia‘s political mission. Aristotle inAthens was a lot of preferential treatment, in addition to politicalprominence outside, he got Alexander Macedonia bureaucrats at all levels andvast sums of money, material and land grants. He founded the Lyceum,occupies a vast playground and garden area near the Temple of Apollo Lyceum.Learning to garden, has a first-class library and the Zoological and botanical gardens. Here he set up his own school, the school‘s teachers andstudents used to walk in the garden to discuss problems, hence the name“free school“. It is said that Alexander for his teacher to provide researchexpenses for 800 Jin Talan (Taran coincident gold 60 per pound). Alexanderalso provided his teacher with a lot of manpower. He ordered his men tocollect specimens of flora and fauna for Aristotle and other information.
In fact, vast works of Aristotle, is not a person can accomplish. For example, he had 158 kinds of overview and analysis of the political system,the job involves a lot of collected works, if there is no group ofassistants to assist, it is impossible to finish. When the news ofAlexander‘s death reached Athens, which immediately set off a torrent ofanti-Macedonian, the Athenians attacked Aristotle, crimes and sentenced himto the ungodly, when Socrates was sentenced to death is the result of theungodly. But eventually escaped from the Athens of Aristotle, the followingyear, he died at the age of 63.
Most educated person
Aristotle is first and foremost a great philosopher, although he was Plato’s student, but abandoned his teacher’s idealistic. Plato held that the prototype of the concept is real, it does not depend on real and independent existence. Aristotle thought that itself contains the essence in kind. Plato asserts that feeling cannot be a true source of knowledge. Aristotle believe that knowledge comes from feeling. These ideas already contained some materialistic factors. Aristotle and Plato, that reason and purpose of the programme is the guiding principle of all natural processes. Aristotle’s views on causality more rich than Plato because he accepted a number of ancient Greece’s views on this issue. He pointed out that there are four main kinds of first is a material cause, which formed the main substance of the object. The second form is where the main substances were added to the designs and shapes. Third is the driving force, the institutions provided for this kind of design and function. Fourth is objective, namely designing objects to achieve the objective. For example, pottery clay pottery to provide its material cause, and pottery design styles is its form, is powered by a Potter’s wheel and both hands, and pottery intended use is the purpose of. Aristotle I see is a form of object and purpose, he believed the forms embedded in all natural objects and functions. Start was lurking in the form of, but the object or creature as soon as the development, revealed these forms. Finally, objects or organisms reach the completion stage, its products being used to realize the purpose of the original design, that is, for the purpose of service. He also believed that, in specific matters, there is noNo matter of form, there is no form of material, combination of matter and form, is the movement of potential into reality. Dialectics of this theory showed spontaneous ideas.
Aristotle divided the Science:
(1) theory of Science (mathematics, natural sciences, and was later known asmetaphysical philosophy);
(2) the practice of Science (ethics, political science, economics, strategy,and modification)
(3) building the scientific, that is poetry.
Aristotle believed that science or logic is all analysis tools. He is thefounder of formal logic, he tried to link forms and thought, and in accordance with the objective to clarify the scope of logic. Aristotle’stheory applied to his discovery science. As an example, he chosemathematics, especially geometry, geometry from Thales thought rule of thumbgiven a reasonable explanation of the land survey of the early stages oftesting, the transition to the later stages of a more completeinterpretation of form. However, the law of syllogism in logic toexperimental science really useless. Because the goal pursued by theempirical Sciences is found, rather than from the recognized prerequisite toget a formal proof. From element objects can no longer be split into simplerpremise, in 1890, has demonstrated its amenability to present a correcttable of known elements, but by 1920, and then use this premise will excludeall radioactive elements.